SAP Knowledge Base Article - Public

1787945 - SAP Visual Intelligence: How to create a Time Hierarchy if the option is grayed out?


  • A Time Hierarchy is required but the option "create a Time Hierarchy" is grayed out

1 cant create time hierarchy.png


  • Visual Intelligence 1.0 SP06

Reproducing the Issue

  1. Acquire data from a Universe, or HANA offline
  2. Identify a date column which is mapped as a character field


  • The column is qualified as a character string, not a numeric field.


  1.  First convert the character to number

2 convert to number.png

  1. Change the numerical display format on the generated column (optional):

3 format number.png

  1. It is now possible to create a time hierarchy - the option is enabled:

5 create time hier on Year 2.png 

  1.  In the hierarchy editor, now qualify the relationships between objects:

6 time enrichment.png

  1.  The smart dimension is now created for the Time Hierarchy:

7 smart dimension time hierarchy.png

See Also

For more complex scenarios where several columns (Year, Month, Day) need converting into a single Date field, the above approach has a side effect of creating multiple redundant columns. This can confuse users, and also adds a processing overhead.

  1. Advanced users may find the formula-builder more efficient, by: a) performing the 3 data-type conversions, and, b) combine the date-parts into a single date column ... in one step.
  2. Consider this column 'DAY':


  1. This can be transformed using the syntax:  MakeDate(ToNumber(SubString(DAY,1,4)), ToNumber(SubString(DAY,5,2)), ToNumber(SubString(DAY,7,2))


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